The word surreal first began to be used to describe a type of aesthetic of the early 1920s.
Under such premises, people can identify precursors and early examples of surreal humour at least since the 19th century, Humor such as Lewis Carrolls Alices Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass,
Surreal humour is also found frequently in avant-garde theatre such as Waiting for Godot and Rosencrantz &ften splicing several jokes together throughout a two hour show.
As with satire, the humour is intended as an attack on particular norms and preconceptions rather than as pure entertainment.
Oring defined humour as not the resolution of incongruity, but the perception of appropriate incongruity,
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The joke is incompletely resolved in their opinion, noted Dr. Elliot Oring, because the situation is incompatible with the world as we know it. Certainly, elephants do not sit in cups of hot chocolate.
which both use illogic and absurdity for humorous effect. Many of Edward Lears children stories and poems contain nonsense and are basically surreal in approach. For example, The Story of the Four Little Children Who Went Round the World (1871) is filled with contradictory statements and odd images intended to provoke amusement,
Drs. Mary K. Rodgers and Diana Pien analysed the subject in an essay entitled Elephants and Marshmallows (subtitled A Theoretical Synthesis of Incongruity-Resolution and Arousal Theories of Humour), and wrote that jokes are nonsensical when they il to completely resolve incongruities, and cited one of the many permutations of the elephant joke: Why did the elephant sit on the marshmallow? Because he didnt want to ll into the cup of hot chocolate.
s Fountain (1917), an inverted urinal signed R. Mutt.People speak of surreal humour when illogic and absurdity are used for humorous effect.
Surrealist humour is predominately approached in cinema where the suspension of disbelief can be stretched to absurd lengths by logically following the consequences of unlikely, reversed or exaggerated premises. Luis Buñuel is a principal exponent of this, especially in The Exterminating Angel. Other examples include The Falls by Peter Greenaway, Free Time by The Bogus Group and Brazil by Terry Gilliam.
In addition to the avant-garde art movements, early surrealist comedy is found in the satirical and comedic elements of works of modern authors, who, like Lear and Carroll, wrote stories which dispensed with the normal rules of logic. Examples of this include the dark comedy of Franz Kafka, the stream of consciousness writings of James Joyce, Jack Kerouac, William S. Burroughs,new york asian escort and Hunter S. Thompson, or the poetry of Dylan Thomas and E. E. Cummings.
A mous example is Marcel Duchamps Fountain (1917), an inverted urinal signed R. Mutt. This became one of the most mous and influential pieces of art in history, and one of the earliest examples of the found art movement. It is also a joke, relying on the inversion of the items function as expressed by itHumor Surreal humours title as well as its incongruous presence in an art exhibition.
Surreal humour is a form of humour based on violations of causal reasoning with events and behaviours that are logically incongruent. Constructions of surreal humour involve bizarre juxtapositions, non-sequiturs, irrational situations or expressions of nonsense.
After a time they saw some land at a distance; and when they came to it, they found it was an island made of water quite surrounded by earth. Besides that, it was bordered by evanescent isthmuses with a great Gulf-stream running about all over it, so that it was perfectly beautiful, and contained only a single tree, 503 feet high.
In the early 20th century, several avant-garde movements, including the dadaists, surrealists, and futurists began to argue for an art that was random, jarring and illogical.
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serious, and they were committed to undermining the solemnity and self-satisction of the contemporary artistic establishment. As a result, much of their art was intentionally amusing.
The humour arises from a subversion of audiences expectations, so that amusement is founded on unpredictability, separate from a logical analysis of the situation. Often, surrealist humor gets its appeal from the ct that the situation described is so ridiculous or unlikely. The genre has roots in Surrealism in the arts.
that all jokes contain a certain amount of incongruity, and that absurd jokes require the additional component of an absurd image, with an incongruity of the mental image.